Double materiality

At Yara we apply the concept of "double materiality" to assess our impacts, risks and opportunities. 

The concept of double materiality means that we must consider the relevance of a sustainability matter from two perspectives, impact materiality and financial materiality. Impact materiality captures how the company impacts the planet and society. Financial materiality capture how the company is impacted by the planet and society.


Image explaining the concept of double materiality. Planet on the left, factory on the right, the text "Double materiality" in the middle. Arrow going from factory to planet with text above reading Impact materiality - impact on the planet and society. Arrow going from planet to factory with text reading: Financial materiality - Risks and opportunities.


The Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD) and its accompanying European Sustainability Reporting Standards (ESRS) also use a double materiality assessment as the basis for sustainability disclosures.

In 2023, we applied the principles of the ESRS to conduct the double materiality assessment. We used the same four-step approach that we applied in 2022 but made significant adjustments to implement the ESRS approach along with lessons learned in previous years.

Four-step approach

  • Start with the potential topics from the ESRS
  • Collate information from internal and external sources
  • Identify relevant impacts, risks and opportunities
  • Group impacts into coherent topics
  • Involving our expert functions, stakeholders and other sources to assess topics through the ESRS criteria of: 
    • Significance of negative and positive impact (scale, scope and irremediability)
    • Likelihood of potential impacts
    • Where in the value chain the impact occurs
    • When the impact is expected to occur
  • Calibration of assessment results against internal and external sources
    • Corporate strategy and risk universe
    • Stakeholders
  • Validation by the Group Executive Board (GEB)
  • Approval by Board Audit and Sustainability Committee (BASC)
  • Approval by the Board of Directors
  • Disclose our impacts on the planet and society, and how we're impacted
  • Use the materiality assessment results to manage our performance
  • Confirm existing KPIs and initiate target-setting for material topics
  • Define and implement targets in performance measurement system

Material topics and sustainability priorities

The changes in our materiality assessment methodology means a new outcome with a full restructuring of our material topics. Our new list of material topics captures the full range of impacts addressed in previous years, but also go further and consider more impacts, risks and opportunities.

Our prioritization is guided by our three strategic pillars of Climate Neutrality, Regenerative agriculture and Prosperity. While we consider all material topics to be priorities, the three pillars, and most notably climate neutrality, will be at the center of our attention and resource allocation in the next few years.

At the same time we consider many of our material environmental and social topics to be key enablers of our strategy, ensuring that we build the culture and skills we need for the future and retain our license to operate. Other topics are carefully monitored and managed through our sustainability due diligence to minimize adverse impacts and identify improvement projects.

Strategic topics and key enablers


Climate change



Social - Own workforce


Training and skills development


Equal treatment and opportunities for all

Other work-related rights

Health and safety

Social - Consumers and end-users

Impacts of products and services

Social inclusion


Corporate culture and anti-corruption


Monitor, manage and improve


Water and marine resources

Circular economy

Social - Value chain workers

Working conditions

Social - Affected communities

Local social impacts

Local social impacts from production

Rights of indigenous peoples

Social - Consumers and end-users

Information-related impacts

Personal safety


Political engagement

Animal welfare

Tax policy